April 3rd Time Travel: Did the Hanging Gardens of Babylon exist?

As we wrap up the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, we end with the Hanging Gardens of Babylon. This video took on more of a investigation tone, as I explore the historical and archaeological records to determine if it existed at all.

Bibliography

Dalley, S. (1994) “Nineveh, babylon and the hanging gardens: Cuneiform and classical sources reconciled,” Iraq, 56, p. 45. Available at: https://doi.org/10.2307/4200384. 

https://www.worldhistory.org/Neo-Assyrian_Empire/

https://www.worldhistory.org/nineveh/

https://www.worldhistory.org/assyria/

https://www.history.com/news/hanging-gardens-existed-but-not-in-babylon

https://www.britannica.com/place/Nineveh-ancient-city-Iraq

https://www.worldhistory.org/Hanging_Gardens_of_Babylon/

https://www.britannica.com/technology/ziggurat

https://www.britannica.com/place/Hanging-Gardens-of-Babylon

https://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/assy_2/hd_assy_2.htm

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Sennacherib

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Xenophon/Historical-themes

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Berosus

https://orinst.web.ox.ac.uk/people/stephanie-m-dalley

https://www.albany.edu/~mwolfe/ist538/unit4/Chapter_07_examples/07-07.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xenophon#/media/File:Xenophon_and_the_ten_thousand_hail_the_sea.jpg

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diodorus_Siculus#/media/File:Diodoro_siculo_-_storico_di_Agira.jpg

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berossus#/media/File:Beroso.png

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antiochus_I_Soter#/media/File:Antiochos_I_Soter_tetradrachm_obverse.jpghttps://openlibrary.org/books/OL13995983M/Berossos_und_die_Babylonisch-_Hellenistische_Literatur.

https://www.worldhistory.org/image/284/nebuchadnezzar-ii/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medes#/media/File:Median_Empire.png

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zagros_Mountains#/media/File:The_environs_of_Borujerd_(Goldasht).JPG

https://ezgrogarden.com/history-of-hydroponics-2/the-gardens-of-babylon/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strabo#/media/File:Strabo.jpg

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philo#/media/File:PhiloThevet.jpg

https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/324433

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xerxes_I#/media/File:National_Museum_of_Iran_Darafsh_(785).JPG

https://www.npr.org/2018/11/24/669272204/in-iraq-a-race-to-protect-the-crumbling-bricks-of-ancient-babylon

https://archive.org/details/histoireuniverse03psal/page/n5/mode/1up?view=theater

https://archaeology.co.uk/articles/opinion/babylon.htm

https://www.npr.org/2018/11/24/669272204/in-iraq-a-race-to-protect-the-crumbling-bricks-of-ancient-babylon

https://www.pbs.org/wnet/secrets/the-lost-gardens-of-babylon-qa-with-dr-stephanie-dalley-tv-host-author-of-lost-gardens-of-babylon/1172/

https://www.worldatlas.com/geography/babylonian-empire.html

https://www.sci.news/othersciences/anthropology/science-ancient-human-settlements-same-way-modern-cities-02524.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nineveh#/media/File:Views_of_the_archaeological_site_of_Nineveh_in_modern-day_Mosul,_currently_occupied_by_squatters_06_(cropped).jpg

https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/322625

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Assyrian_period#/media/File:Sargon_I_of_Assyria.png

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Middle_Assyrian_Empire#/media/File:Shalmaneser_I_pours_out_the_dust_of_Arina_before_his_god_Ashur.jpg

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neo-Assyrian_Empire#/media/File:Tilglath_pileser_iii.jpg

https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/322611

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nineveh#/media/File:Artist’s_impression_of_Assyrian_palaces_from_The_Monuments_of_Nineveh_by_Sir_Austen_Henry_Layard,_1853.jpg

https://emp.byui.edu/SATTERFIELDB/Rel302/Lachish/Sennacherib%20profile.jpg

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sennacherib#/media/File:Ancient_Near_East_0700BC.svg

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hezekiah#/media/File:Ezechias-Hezekiah.png

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jehoiakim#/media/File:Jehoiakim-Eliakim.png

https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/321676

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ziggurat#/media/File:Chogha_Zanbil,_Ziggurat_(model).jpg

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ziggurat.jpg

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nebuchadnezzar_II#/media/File:Battle_of_Carchemish.png

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chogha_Zanbil#/media/File:Tchogha_Zanbil.jpg

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chogha_Zanbil#/media/File:زیگورات_چغا_زنبیل.jpg

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neo-Assyrian_Empire#/media/File:Map_of_Assyria.png

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Babylon#/media/File:The_walls_of_Babylon_and_the_temple_of_Bel.png

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